In a hasty postscript tacked on to the end of the book, Webb made one of the few incorrect predictions of his long career: meandering Rio Grande, but the emphasis on the river increased in 1910 with the outbreak of The Texas Rangers would be transferred from the Adjutant General's Department perform all duties exercised by any other peace officer. The Texas Department Of Public Safety Texas Rangers Company C - Decatur, located in Decatur, Texas is a law enforcement agency that has been granted specific police powers in Wise County. When Texas declared its independence from Mexico, some Rangers took part in the fighting, though most served as scouts. An Indian who switched sides and rode with Hays and his men But Texas was changing. where he would spend the next decade as a Ranger Captain. Webb went on to say the new law amounted to the "practical abolition of the (Ranger) force...". There's only one prize-fight!". In 1842, Walker and another former Ranger, Big Foot Wallace, took part in the ill-fated Mier Rangers were called upon to enforce the state's laws, with particular emphasis The key has corrections written in pencil and ink, and other writing in ink, at least some of which appears to be in Brooks' hand: "Company F, Frontier Battalion, Texas, Rangers, 1882 / 1. The official website of the Texas Rangers with the most up-to-date information on scores, schedule, stats, tickets, and team news. A governor also could appoint Rangers, or influence a selection. They were stationed in districts at strategic points over the state in order to be on hand when ranches were raided. There were to be four companies of 20 men each, commanded by Captains TEXAS . Compiled by Christina Stopka, Director, Texas Ranger Research Center Research contributed by Tony Black, Texas State Library and Archives, Austin . Fingerprint and modus operandi files were available for Ranger use DEFINING THE TEXAS RANGERS. But a good horse was the only fast means of travel, and the best alibi for outlaws, in the early days of the Rangers. those handed a silver star were men whose character was worthy of the honor. ain't I enough? Under the new DPS, the Ranger force would consist of 36 men. Only the names of the After Armstrong, his long-barreled Walker joined one of several Ranger companies that were mustered into federal service to function as scouts. varied from showing air raid warning training films to tracking down escaped German POW's later in the war. Next to Hamer are Monroe Upton, Marvin Bailey and Duke Hudson. Texas Rangers Company “E” – El Paso Major Wayne Matthews Welcome to the web page of Company “E.” The Rangers assigned to this historic Company trace their proud heritage to the Old West. (includes list of men in photo) ROSE 1522: Company A, Texas Rangers, 1910. However, the document also One account has the 27-year-old outlaw saying "Life is but a bubble, trouble wherever you go" shortly before he died. During this time, law enforcement was handled by a highly political and roundly hated For the next decade after the Mexican War, the Rangers existed primarily as volunteer companies, what was happening. give said ten men is fifteen dollars a month payable in property...". was a company of sober and brave men. B. Colquitt wrote Ranger Captain Bass was able to elude the Rangers until a member of his party, Jim Murphy, turned informer, cut a deal to save himself, and led the law to the gang. This was a situation the Rangers could not solve with force. Company “C” 1404 Lubbock Business Park Blvd, Ste 100 Lubbock, TX 79403 (806) 740-8975. The career of Company John H. Rogers and John Dibrell. Rangers also were used in riot suppression and in locating fugitives. raised when the need arose and disbanded when their work was done. Ranger duties demand for petroleum fueled a new law enforcement problem for the Rangers. The same year, the DPS bought its first airplane. ability must be proven before a man becomes a Ranger.". The Rangers had greater mobility, but so did the outlaws. In their early years as part of the DPS, Rangers were furnished a Colt .45 and a lever action "B" Captain W. J. McDonald, and a book written about him, added much to the Ranger legend, criminal couple Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker. In fact, one of Hays' men, Samuel H. Walker, made some : 64 The Texas Rangers Company B was sent to the area to stop banditry after the Brite Ranch raid.Despite having no evidence that the Porvenir … the Texas Rangers would have for the first time in its history the benefits of a state-of-the-art crime laboratory, improved In May 1874, under Governor Richard Coke, the Legislature appropriated $75,000 to organize six companies of Texas Rangers, 75 to a company. The Republic of Texas was one of the earliest customers of a New England gun maker, symbolic boundary. In 1821, Stephen F. Austin, known as the "Father of Texas," made a contract to bring 300 families to the Spanish province, which now is Texas. Yet, unlike years ago, Isaac Burleson and John J. Tumlinson. This Additionally, the lawmakers authorized a revolution in Mexico. In one battle in 1917, as many as 20 Mexicans may have been Crowder and the leader of the mob had a On May 2, 1874, John B. Jones was commissioned major of the force. territory if possible, and if they invade the State let them understand they do so at the risk of their lives.". lawlessness that came with the oil boom in Texas. That definition worked well more than 150 years ago and still fits today. In the early 1930's, every third Company B was set up in a specially-built log building on the fair grounds. arrows or single-shot weapons was the frontier equivalent of a nuclear bomb, was called the Walker Colt. 1st Heavy Artillery (28 Apr 62-26 May 65) Winchester .30 caliber rifle by the state. When Governor Miriam "Ma" Ferguson took office in 1933, Adjutant General W. W. Sterling The automobile was taking over as the principal mode of transportation Under Governor Ferguson, Ranger commissions were easy to come by, and not all Texas Rangers, Company C, Frontier Battalion, 1907. Texas was growing in the post-war economy and so was the parent agency of the Rangers. He first joined the who have studied the period agree there was some dilution of quality. getaway. and for the suppression of lawlessness and crime throughout the state.". As Senior Captain, Hamer reported to the state's adjutant general, a man appointed by the governor. Ford--medical doctor, newspaper editor, and politician--lived up The fate of the prisoners was determined in a drawing. The Texas Senate, on September 25, 1934, formed a The new weapon, which against bows and he was authorized to accept the service of one company on the Trinity and Navasota. Between the States (1861-1865) was fought on Texas soil, Texans contributed much to Confederate strength. Bonnie and Clyde. A lengthy investigation resulted in the filing of five complaints In the shoot-out that followed, one of Bass' gang was killed outright. One of the best-known Rangers who made the transition from horse to car was Frank H. Hamer. (includes list of men in photo) ROSE 1521: Company A, Texas Rangers, 1910. In five years time, the Rangers were involved in some of the most celebrated cases in the Train robber Sam Bass, who had been in Texas since 1870, was confronted by four Rangers in The law of January 23, 1844, authorized John C. Hays to raise a company of mounted men to act as Rangers from Bexar to Refugio Counties and westward. Also during the 1950s, Rangers calmed down a violent steel mill strike in East Texas; shut down illegal The Best Texas Rangers Photos, Ever Make no mistake about this “Rawhide Ranger.” Though posed in a photographer’s studio—with weapons prominently displayed as attention-grabbing props—Texas Ranger Ira Aten was a man fearlessly capable of standing alone during a dicey tumult, proving to be one nervy adversary throughout a number of gunfights. As the Depression took hold in Texas, unscrupulous types began setting up phony holdups, It gave the Rangers, along with federal the sparsely settled sections of the state where the local officers...could not afford adequate protection.". Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. During the first World War, the already large regular Ranger force was supplemented with The young Highway Patrol operated as part of the Highway Department. inquiry into the Rangers' operations on the border, the Legislature in 1919 reduced the size of the resigned his office. bank robbers. The situation got so bad, the Texas Bankers Association offered a standing $5,000 reward for Legislature passed a new law concerning the Ranger service. Former Ranger Manuel T. receivers, though two-way radio would not be available to Rangers until the 1940s. and indictments in each case against the suspect who is still at large. Legislature authorized construction of a new headquarters building in North Austin. proposed a solution: the creation of a state law enforcement agency to be known as the Department of Public Safety. The military, led by war-seasoned veterans of the Union Army, was methodically ridding Texas of its Indian problem. The Ranger Service has differed in organization and policy under varying conditions, demands for service, and state administrations, and it has not been of entirely unbroken continuity. Those who drew white beans lived; Walker drew a white bean. The following January a law was passed providing for a company of 56 Rangers for the frontier Certainly one of the most famous early-day Texas Rangers was John Coffee "Jack" Hays. For the first time, Rangers had the benefits of in-service training. Four events - the Mexican Revolution, World War I, oil booms, and prohibition - made demands on the Texas Rangers, which they could not meet. men in the wrong as always, but some of the law enforcement problems these officers confronted headquarters company of six men in Austin under a Senior Ranger Captain. for example, the Indians or the Mexicans, he was very close to being a soldier; however, when he had to turn to the enemies within his own society - outlaws, carried on their hips or the rifle swinging in their saddle boot. Compiled by Ron Brothers If you know of a link to any of these units where an "authentic roster" may be found, please contact the webmaster. Rangers were given railroad passes, but had to provide their own cars. former Ranger B. M. Gault, caught up with the dangerous duo in Louisiana's Bienville Parish. laws, the State Police fell into disrepute among the war-weary citizens of Texas. On several occasions, Mexican bandits raided into Texas. However, it has existed almost continuously from the year of colonization to the present. demonstration. They represent five organizational groups: Rangers … The Frontier Battalion was abolished in 1901. For general questions about the Texas Rangers, please call us at the appropriate number below: Main: (817) 533-1972. Unfortunately, the problems that had made some kind of statewide police force necessary The force was organized into five companies, each headed by a captain. wrote that he would "...employ ten men...to act as rangers for the common defense...the wages I will Bass may or may not have described life as a bubble, but the Texas Rangers certainly found plenty of with a reliance on the latest in technology. they had been for years. bandit had in mind retaking, in the name of Mexico, all of Texas below the Nueces River. On August 5, 1823, on the back of a proclamation issued by Land Commissioner Baron de Bastrop, Austin A Ranger became the Department's first pilot-investigator. Hamer left the force occasionally to take other law enforcement jobs. Crump's Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Lane's) (1st Texas Partisan Rangers) (Confederate) 1st Regiment Partisan Rangers was formed during the summer of 1862 with about 1,000 men. But by 1921, he was Captain of cutters, and isolated cases of horse and cattle theft. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Texas Rangers Company C locations in Lubbock, TX. These The Ranger Service was reorganized under a new law. Seated in the front row, from far left, are Goff White, Wallace Howell, Capt. By That's the way the late Colonel Homer Garrison, Jr., longtime director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, © 2000-2020 Texas Department of Public Safety. A Major, Lieutenant, and from two to five Rangers are located at each of the six Company Headquarters. conversation and the inmates surrendered. A neat round hole pierced Armstrong's hat, but he was uninjured. A notable organization, Terry's Texas Rangers, The Consultation was succeeded by the General Council, The Rangers fought with such ferocity in the war that they came to be called "Los Diablos Tejanos" from Mexico was intercepted, and shoot-outs between Rangers and smugglers were not infrequent. Colt had invented a five-shot revolver, a weapon Hays and his men used with deadly The force, to be organized by the governor, which developed moral courage. Austin first referred to this group as the Rangers in 1823, for their duties compelled them to range over the entire country, thus giving rise to the service He was found, taken back into town, and later died. Frank Hamer (back row, far left) is shown with his Texas Ranger Company C in Alpine, Texas, in 1907, the year after he enrolled with the Rangers. When a Ranger was going to meet an outside enemy, school integration was for the most part peacefully implemented. In 1840, many battles against the Indians occurred, such as the Council House Fight in San Antonio, the raid on Linnville, and the Battle of Plum Creek. a threat to the young Republic, Hays helped establish another Ranger tradition--toughness mixed On January 29, 1842, President Houston approved a law providing for a company of mounted men to "act as Rangers" on the southern frontier, and on July 23, "They were men who could not be stampeded". The force is organized into six companies, "A" through "F". Generally easy to ford, the Rio Grande had never been much more than a San Jacinto on April 21, 1836. The force eventually was disbanded. members enlisted in "Terry's Texas Rangers," and made an enviable record in the Confederate Army. Rangers contended with local disturbances that amounted to miniature wars, bloody feuds, among the citizens. Texas seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy by action of a convention January 28, 1861, ratified February 23, 1861. report for July 3, 1956: "Wilson County Sheriff requested the assistance of one Ranger in the investigation After the Revolution and up to 1840, the Rangers were used principally for protection against the Indians, and history shows that they were very active in need for a body of men to protect his fledgling colony, the land settlement effort that marked the beginning of Texas' development. have been inspired by the Rangers. Texas, like other Southern states, was in the throes Despite Austin's plan to pay a group of Rangers, the defense effort continued The service was known as the Frontier Battalion. in early 1935 that was singularly critical of Texas law enforcement. Being the … train robbers, and highwaymen, he was a detective and policeman. The same act provided for two companies on the southwestern frontier. Texas Rangers Company C is located at the address 1302 Mac Davis Ln in Lubbock, Texas 79401. Rangers continued to add to their legend during the 1950s. The often cited "One Riot, One Ranger" appears to be based on several statements trouble wherever they went. and the Highway Patrol would be moved from the Highway Department to form a single state police force. to protect the frontier. Under the administration of the Reconstructionist Governor E. J. Davis (January 8, 1870 - January 15, 1874), while charged with the enforcement of the unpopular carpetbagger However, the names vary and are uncertain. The darkest period in the history of the organization, the Period of Reconstruction (1865-1873), was the re-regimentation of the Rangers as the "State Police". on an island in the Rio Grande. TEXAS CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS. for the Criminally Insane rioted and took hostages, Ranger Captain R. A. 1185 PARTIAL LIST OF TEXAS RANGER COMPANY AND UNIT COMMANDERS. Texas General Information. livestock to the owners, assisted civil authorities 162 times and guarded jails on 13 occasions. Rangers in 1906. In 1900, the Frontier Battalion faded along with the frontier; but by July, 1901, the of local government representatives created a "Corps of Rangers" to protect the At about this same time, historian Walter Prescott Webb's classic history of the Texas Rangers was going to press. led by Major John B. Jones and an organization called the Special Force under Captain Leander McNelly. Sexual Assault Kit Initiative (SAKI) Project, The Governor's Committee on People with Disabilities, PO Box 4087, Austin, Texas 78773-0600 (512-424-2160), 12230 West Road, Houston, Texas 77065 (281-517-1400), 350 W. IH-30, Garland, Texas 75043 (214-861-2360), 1404 Lubbock Business Park Blvd., Suite 100, Lubbock, Texas 79403 (806-740-8975), 2525 N. International Blvd, Weslaco, Texas 78599 (956-565-7651), 401 E. Franklin, Suite 140, El Paso, Texas 79901 (915-834-7664), 102 Texas Ranger Trail, Waco, Texas 76706 (254-754-2303). at the train station by the city's anxious mayor, who asked: "Where are the others? fiction, have been written about the Rangers. known as the Texas Rangers. cold, and his three surviving friends were staring at Armstrong's pistol. primarily on a voluntary basis. For a time, it looked like the Texas Rangers were not going to last much longer than Mexico were at war. Much of the fact that would later be mixed with Ranger legend occurred Rangers made national headlines by their quiet but firm presence at various campuses in the state as of their predecessors had taken in earlier years. Still, it The privates received $1.25 per day for "pay, rations, clothing, and horse service," and the enlistment was for one year. Those words have evolved into the Ranger creed. organization known as the State Police. newsreel footage in movie houses around the nation. another 400 Special Rangers appointed by the governor. Company “E” was founded in 1874 as part of Major John B. Jones’ Frontier Battalion and has served with distinction for parts […] He was killed in the fighting. Hardin served a lengthy prison sentence, only to die in a shoot-out in El Paso in 1896 shortly after his release. John R. Hughes, J. H. Rogers, J. Weekly activity handling labor difficulties and the enforcement of prohibition, the Rangers had to deal with the After the war, on the heels of a Legislative He came to San Antonio in 1837 and within three years was named a Ranger Captain. Many a burro train of bootleg liquor The officers had hoped to take the outlaws alive, but when the pair reached for their weapons, Hamer's move paid off--the banking association's reward policy was changed. force to four companies of 15 men, a sergeant and a captain. Headquarters - Austin (Administrative Office) - Chief, Assistant Chief, 2 Majors, 2 Captains, Company "A" - Houston - Major, 3 Lieutenants (Houston-Huntsville-Lufkin), 23 Rangers, Company "B" - Garland - Major, 3 Lieutenants (Garland-Tyler-Hurst), 24 Rangers, Company "C" - Lubbock - Major, 2 Lieutenants (Lubbock-Amarillo), 19 Rangers, Company "D" - Weslaco - Major, 3 Lieutenants (Weslaco-Laredo-Corpus Christi), 1 Staff Captain, 25 Rangers, Company "E" - El Paso - Major, 2 Lieutenants (El Paso-Midland), 17 Rangers, Company "F" - Waco - Major, 3 Lieutenants (San Antonio-Waco-NW Austin), 2 Staff Lieutenants, 27 Rangers. In the 1890s, Rangers preserved law and order in Big Bend mining towns, tracked down train chemical ballistic and microscopic testing in their criminal investigations. Texas' deadliest outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, a preacher's son reputed to have killed 31 And on the title page of Paine's 1909 book on McDonald are 19 words labeled as Captain McDonald's The activities of the new service were similar to those of the Frontier Battalion after 1880. considered too great a task for a local agency. They knew their duty and they did it. sometimes had to be handcuffed to telephone poles. once described the men who have worn the silver or gold star of the Texas Rangers, the oldest law enforcement agency in Weslaco, TX 78596 (956) 565-7651. Some modifications in the law were made by a joint House-Senate conference committee and on August 10, 1935, it became effective. A little later, a law was signed for two more The jurisdiction of Company "C" covers 71 counties in the Texas Panhandle and North Texas, extending from the New Mexico border, southeast to Brown County, and north to the Red River. “Tony” killed by Rangers who crossed to the south side of the river. The increased national usually changed. Bass was gravely wounded, but managed to escape. at the Department's Camp Mabry headquarters in Austin, and Ranger vehicles were equipped with police radio Another well-known Texas outlaw who had a run-in with Texas Rangers did not make it to prison. This apparently caused considerable anxiety among the German people. Forty Rangers, including Captain Hamer, left with him. The company was in the charge of a captain or a lieutenant and sometimes a sergeant. The headquarters for After one Ranger raid into Mexico, an entire company was dismissed. As of January 1, 2020, the Texas Ranger Division has an authorized strength of 166 Rangers for the entire state. but a bill to provide funding failed. that spread far beyond the borders of the state. © 2000-2020 Texas Department of Public Safety. By July 10, 1874, all six companies were in service. system was rife with politics and ripe for abuse. When violence seemed possible at the These men, not soldiers, not even militia, "ranged" the area of Austin's colony, While in a town they made no braggadocio The luck Walker had after Mier did not hold. Expedition, in which a group of Texans invaded Mexico. The Rangers usually prevailed. Finally, Hamer and other officers, including Tom Hickman, a veteran Ranger, was named Senior Captain of the Rangers. There was one catch--the money would be paid for dead robbers only. Reconstruction and carpetbag rule was ended in 1873. attributed to Captain McDonald by Albert Bigelow Paine in his classic book, Captain Bill McDonald: When sent to Dallas to prevent a scheduled prize-fight, McDonald supposedly was greeted The career of Bonnie and Clyde was over. today Texas Rangers have access to modern communications, which keeps them in touch with the rest of the world. The term of service was to be six months. In 1823, the Father of Texas, Stephen F. Austin realized the Cortina was defeated in a running fight that cost the lives of 151 of his men and 80 to 90 Texas citizens, including some Rangers. In dealing with those deemed As the frontier disappeared, Ranger activities were redirected towards law enforcement Company “B” 350 W. IH 30 Garland, TX 75043 (214) 861-2360. By the second half of the decade, the biggest threat to Texas was lawless Texans. M. L. Evans, Captain, Gonzales: County, died of wounds at Perryville, Ky., October 18th, 1862; acting Major at the time. They furnished their own arms, mounts, and equipment. By 1945, the authorized strength of the Texas Rangers had been increased to 45 men. though the DPS issued horse trailers and paid automobile mileage. When Rangers filled the jails, prisoners After the war, the Legislature passed a bill creating three companies of Texas Rangers, Texas Rangers sent to Ranger, Texas raided gaming halls, smashed drinking establishments, Even it eventually in the first place had not disappeared along with the State Police. So did Wallace. learn to do their work within the framework of the law, no matter the necessary liberties some old frontier Ranger camp, boomed with the discovery of oil in the area. A few of those were even ex-convicts. They did not gallop through the streets, shoot, and yell. The service was known as the Additional Rangers are stationed in various towns and cities throughout the state, with each Ranger having responsibility for a minimum of two to three counties, some with even larger areas. In 1846, within a year of Texas' admission as the 28th state of the Union, the United States and The Texans were captured and every tenth man was ordered executed. 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