Maryland! March 20, 2011 On April 15th,1861, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 troops in response to the rebellion that had commenced three days earlier when Confederate forces fired … Less well known is the story of other men from On April 17, the Sixth Massachusetts Militia departed from Boston, Massachusetts, arriving in New York the following morning and Philadelphia by nightfall. As the war began, the city’s divided loyalties created tension. The frightened officers ordered the troops to fire into the crowd. Sumner Henry Needham is sometimes considered to be the first Union casualty of the war, though he was killed by civilians in a Union state. Baltimore, Carroll, and Frederick Railroad organized, later became Western Maryland Railroad. The Governor and Mayor called out the militia to prevent further bloodshed. In 1863 Howard wrote about his experience as a political prisoner at Fort McHenry in the book Fourteen Months in the American Bastille; two of the publishers selling the book were then arrested. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was an incident that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. Was this the worst riot in Maryland history?I know that the civil disorders in Baltimore in 1968 was bad,but the one in 1861 looks like a Civil War battlefield.Were people smashing windows like they were in The New York Draft Riots in 1861? Many sympathized passionately with the Southern cause. Kentucky declared its neutrality (although it would eventually join the Union’s side), and although Missouri seceded from the Union on October 31 and was later occupied, a Confederate government-in-exile existed in Arkansas and Texas. The despot's heel is on thy shore, Baltimore Riot of 1861. On April 19, 1861, only five days after the surrender of Fort Sumter, the situation in Baltimore exploded into violence. In Brown’s later assessment, it was the Baltimore riot that pushed the two sides over the edge into full-scale war, “because then was shed the first blood in a conflict between the North and the South; then a step was taken which made compromise or retreat almost impossible; then passions on both sides were aroused which could not be controlled”. Background The Baltimore Riots happened April 19, 1861. Rail cars that transferred between the two stations had to be pulled by horses along Pratt Street. File:Baltimore Riot 1861.jpg. Gov. Because of this large-scale arrest of state representatives the legislative session was canceled, and no further debate on anti-war measures or secession could take place. They split off from Howard Street in downtown Baltimore and marched over east to Fort McHenry and reported for duty there. In the end, the soldiers got to the Camden Station, and the police were able to block the crowd from them. Cannon were placed in the works so that they could be fired on the city. The 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived at the President Street Station and began the process of changing trains. That flecked the streets of Baltimore, As a result of the riot in Baltimore and pro-Southern sympathies of much of the city’s populace, the Baltimore Steam Packet Company also declined the same day a Federal government request to transport Union forces to relieve the beleaguered Union naval yard facility at Portsmouth, Virginia. Baltimore riot of 1861. Butler intimated that armed men were not always limited to the necessity of purchasing food when famished.”. (Ironically, federal troops imprisoned the young newspaper editor in Fort McHenry, which, as he noted, was the same fort where the Star Spangled Banner had been waving “o’er the land of the free” in his grandfather’s song.) His torch is at thy temple door, 1855. When Fort Sumter fell (without casualties) on April 13, the Virginia legislature took up a measure on secession. Other men were seen brandishing pistols and muskets. At this time the legislature seems to have wanted to maintain Maryland’s neutrality in the conflict. The cars were disconnected and pulled by horses down Pratt Street to Camden Station. Maryland, My Maryland! The legislature met on April 26; on April 29, it voted 53–13 against secession, though it also voted not to reopen rail links with the North, and requested that Lincoln remove the growing numbers of federal troops in Maryland. The Riot On April 19, 1861, only five days after the surrender of Fort Sumter, the situation in Baltimore exploded into violence. In May, less than a month after the riot, General Butler and the 6th Mass. This angered the mob further, and they began to attack the soldiers with considerable ferocity. Baltimore, April 19, 1861, 10:00AM. The troops then marched back down Pratt Street, led by a man carrying a rebel flag, and followed by the mob. “The people are exasperated to the highest degree by the passage of troops,” Brown wrote, “and the citizens are universally decided in the opinion that no more should be ordered to come. Topic. Also known as the Pratt Street Riot, only one week had passed since the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter.. Maryland and nearby Delaware were border states.These were the states exposed to Northern influences and culture, but with a Southern exposure too —and numerous Confederate sympathizers. 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