On 22 April, the Big Red One finished clearing the Harz Mountains and soon received orders to once again head south. The 96th assaulted and cracked the fanatically defended enemy defense line, Tanabaru Nishibaru, 17-23 April, and after advancing slightly against extremely determined resistance, was relieved, 30 April, by the 77th Infantry Division. On 26 August 1939 the division was mobilized for the invasion of Poland (1939). The 1st Infantry Division and Fort Riley build and maintain combat ready forces; on order deploys these forces in an expeditionary manner to conduct Decisive Action to fight and win in complex environments as members of a Joint, Inter-organizational, and Multinational (JIM) team. At the ceremony, Eisenhower told the members of the regiment: After D-Day, the 16th Infantry became the division reserve, and after a brief rest, continued moving inland. The division was a voluntary 'Service' formation of Lord Kitchener's New Armies, created in Ireland from the 'National Volunteers',[1] initially in September 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War. Additionally, the regiment, or its subordinate units, was awarded five presidential unit citations and two distinguished unit citations from the United States, two Croix de Guerre and the Médaille militaire from the government of France, and the Belgian Fourragerre and two citations from the government of Belgium. The division was then split, resulting in two independent units: The 16th Panzer Division and the 16th Motorized Infantry Division. Starting in late January, the battalion, along with almost the entire combat force of U.S. Army, Vietnam (USARV), engaged in the Tet Counteroffensive designed to defeat the massive Tet Offensive of 1968. Following enormous losses at the Somme, Passchendaele and Ypres, the 16th (Irish) Division required a substantial refit in England between June and August 1918, which involved the introduction of many non-Irish battalions. In December 2004 the 3rd Battalion 16th Field Artillery Regiment transitioned from the 4th Infantry Division's Division Artillery (DIVARTY) and became an exclusive part of the 2nd Brigade 4th Infantry Division. [13], The remnants of the division were later transferred to XIX Corps of the Third Army. As part of the general mobilization for this conflict that fall, the 2nd and 5th Battalions, 16th Infantry were alerted for deployment on 8 November 1990. On 4 October 1918, 16th Infantry was the only regiment in the entire First Army to take its regimental objectives in the U. S. Army's opening attacks of the Meuse-Argonne campaign. It also participated in the Battle of Stalingrad. The regiment was ordered to positions near Waywertz. As of January, 2006, OIF V-VII, the 3rd Battalion – 16th Field Artillery Regiment was deployed to Forward Operating Base Duke, located in Najaf, Iraq, as well as Forward Operating Base Kalsu and FOB Falcon in … The battalion, however, was still required to maintain its ability to participate in overseas contingency operations. In 443 days of combat, the 16th Infantry had sustained 1,250 officers and men killed in combat. It participated in the Battle of France in 1940. For the next ten days the 16th Infantry pushed into that country arriving near Falkenau by 7 May. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Streamer embroidered NORMANDY The troops were initially sent to Long Binh Post north of Saigon and there the battalion immediately began building a base camp named Camp Ranger. Until March 1916 the 16th Division was part of IV Corps, commanded by the staunch unionist, Lieutenant General Sir Henry Wilson. Over time, the Society has grown into a project far greater than we initially envisioned, tracing the regiment’s history from World War I to today. Despite numerous enemy tanks and reinforcements, the 16th Infantry desperately held on by receiving assistance from the heavy guns of the U.S. Navy and the timely arrival of the regiment's Cannon Company. On 28 April, the regiment arrived near Selb, Czechoslovakia, and began advancing east. Though the cavalry had several clashes with Villista and federal forces, the infantry had an uneventful eight months. [3] Initial training began in Ireland at Fermoy,[4] Munster; recruits also trained at Buttevant. In a classic meeting engagement on 12 September, the battalion battled and pursued the 141st Regiment over the next two days inflicting hundreds of casualties and over fifty known KIA. These were the battles of Landing Zone (LZ) Rufe and LZ X-Ray. Two days later the 16th Infantry was launched on an attack through a break in the lines near Marigny and drove on the city of Coutance where it established battle positions on 29 July. Reorganized 14 April 1869, under the act of 3 March 1869, the present 16th Infantry was formed by the consolidation of the Eleventh (11th) and Thirty-fourth (34th) Regiments of Infantry. After a four-day brawl with the battle-hardened troops of the 15th Panzer Grenadier Division, the men of the 16th Infantry finally captured the town and soon after the Sicily campaign ended. In January 2011, however, the 1st Battalion was deployed once again, this time on a unique mission to Afghanistan. It lost the 32nd Infantry Brigade, whose recruiting area was outside the Rhineland. In December 1862, the regiment fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg and at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May 1863. After performing the MiTT training mission for three years, the 1st Battalion began the process of reorganizing and training as one of the Army's new Combined Arms Battalions (CAB) in 2009. By 14 July 1943, the regiment had moved through Pietraperzia, Enna, and Villarosa. On the morning of 24 February 1991, the Big Red One spearheaded the armored attack into Iraq, by creating a massive breach in the enemy defenses just inside Iraq. In April 2012, the Rangers assumed responsibility for two districts and two Afghan National Army (ANA) kandaks (battalions). En route on the 25th, the Devil Rangers also encountered a number of enemy formations, most notably the 110th Infantry Brigade. The regiment's first major attack was made during the bloody three-day drive near Soissons in late July 1918. Once settled into its new location, the battalion received a warning order for the next operation, Abilene. French Médaille militaire, Fourragère This time, the division was reassigned to the Third Army for its drive into Czechoslovakia. A report by Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, now the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS), concluded that there was no evidence that the men had not fought well, but pointed out that only two-thirds of the men were of Irish birth. In April it joined in Operation Plainsfield Warrior in the "Trapezoid" and in numerous search and destroy missions in June and July around Ben Cat and Lai Khê. The Conscription Crisis of 1918 in Ireland meant that fewer Irish recruits could be raised so that the 16th Division which returned to France on 27 July contained five English battalions, two Scottish battalions and one Welsh battalion. The major incident during this huge mission took place near the village of Xã Cam My and the Courtenay Plantation. The division moved to Aldershot in Hampshire, England for more intensive training in September 1915. Both battalions of the regiment were intimately involved in the US Army's own counteroffensive operations during this period. In August 2012, the 2nd Battalion underwent its first of several expansions to its AO when it assumed responsibility for a third district and a third ANA Kandak as the Surge forces in the country were being withdrawn. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered KASSERINE After the operations around Loc Ninh, the battalion was assigned to the "Accelerated Pacification Campaign" in November and continued on this effort into the new year as part of the Lam Son mission in the Phu Loi area north of Di An. Abilene was followed in rapid succession by Operations Birmingham and El Paso I, II, and III. It participated in the Battle of France in 1940. There the regiment was soon hit hard with an armored counterattack by German tanks. Soon other troops began making their way up the bluffs along Spaulding's route while other gaps were blown through the wire and mines. The stay was short, because Hitler launched Operation Wacht am Rhein four days later and the Battle of the Bulge was on. Assigned to the Army of the Potomac's 2nd Division, V Army Corps in the spring of 1862, the regiment fully participated in most of the key battles of that campaign to include the Siege of Yorktown (1862), Gaines's Mill, and Malvern Hill. During the first part of 1967 the 2nd Rangers participated in Operation Lam Son in the Phu Loi area and Operation Junction City, the largest single mission of the war. Lieutenant General Hubert Gough, the British Fifth Army commander, had asked, at the end of 1915, for the division to be placed under his command, and had established the first corps school for the training of young officers. Throughout the rest of 1966, the 2/16th Infantry participated a series of pacification operations. For the next ten days the 16th Infantry pushed into that country arriving near Falkenau by 7 May. In late July, the regiment was still in division reserve when it was ordered to be prepared to assist in a breakout through the German line near St. In fact the division's casualties were the highest of any BEF division at this time, and records of the German 18th and 50th Reserve Divisions show that the Irish fought hard. The 2nd Battalion was assigned the mission of providing security in the southern area of the Tisa Nissan Qada (district) in southeastern Baghdad- a notoriously violent area which had been relatively lawless even under the reign of Saddam Hussein. [citation needed] Due to its popularity, Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia later nicknamed the 16th Infantry as "New York's Own" and ''The Sidewalks of New York" became the regimental song. Throughout 1969, the 2nd Rangers performed numerous and varied missions in support of the pacification campaign. The 1st Infantry Division continued to exploit its success on the 27th by capturing and pursuing the demoralized Iraqi forces for the rest of the day. Later in July the battalion was assigned the road security mission along a section of the highway to Sông Bé Province. Prior to being committed to battle, the 16th Infantry Regiment, began training in July 1917 in the Gondrecourt area with the French 47th Division, Chasseurs Alpins, nicknamed the "Blue Devils." As such, it was among the first four American regiments to arrive on French soil in World War I. Founded in 2014, the 16th Infantry Regiment Historical Society was born out of the idea to honor and remember the vital role the regiment played in World War II. On 14 June the division returned to England for reconstitution. This mission was carried on by the battalion until 2009 when the responsibility was handed over to the Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC) at Fort Polk, Louisiana. The battalion was initially moved to Camp Ben Cat in Phuoc Vinh Province north of Saigon. During the latter action, the Reconnaissance Platoon of the 1st Battalion withstood an attack by a battalion of the Viet Cong 271st Regiment and prevented the battalion perimeter from being overrun. 16th Infantry Division. The 16th Infantry Division is assigned to the Iraqi Army 5th Corps. DIVISION CHRONICLE. The 1st Battalion, 11th U.S. Infantry (today's 16th Infantry Regiment) was initially organized at Fort Independence, Massachusetts, in the summer and fall of 1861. It took part in Operation Barbarossa with Army Group South later in the year. Wilson thought the 47th Brigade had "old officers, old & useless men, very bad musketry, rotten boots, and altogether a very poor show". The 16th Infantry Division of the German Army was created in 1935 and participated in the invasion of Poland (1939) and France (1940) during World War II..The division later split in 1940, resulting in two independent lineages: The 16th Panzer Division and the 16th Motorized Infantry Division.. On arrival in April 1914, the regiment was posted to Camp Cotton in the city of El Paso. On the afternoon of Easter Sunday, 11 April 1966, C Company became engaged in one of the toughest battles of the war. [6], In early 1917, the division took a major part in the Battle of Messines alongside the 36th (Ulster) Division, adding to both their recognition and reputation. Within a few months after the initial invasion of Iraq, the 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry made its first deployment in the Global War on Terrorism. Their efforts would fail and the German Seventh Army would be largely destroyed as it attempted to escape via the Falaise Gap. The 16th Infantry Division of the German Army was formed in 1934. The 11th Infantry was organized by direction of the president 4 May 1861 and confirmed by the act on 29 July 1861. The battalion conducted daily combat patrols side by side with their Afghan partner units to influence and secure the local population throughout the districts. The dispersion of the Irish battalions throughout the BEF in 1918, despite its practical considerations, appears to suggest that the Irish units were increasingly distrusted by the military authorities. The 34th Infantry was organized by direction of the president 4 May 1861 as the Third Battalion, 16th Infantry and designated Thirty-fourth Infantry on 21 September 1866 under the act of 28 July 1866.The honors and battle history earned by the 11th Infantry during the Civil War became the 16th Infantry's with the 1869 consolidation and are displaying on its colors. In 1965, the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment and the 2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment became the first elements of the Division to deploy to South Vietnam. On Friday, 13 September 1968, the "straight leg Infantry" 1st/16th of the 1st Infantry Division at Lai Khê, "swapped" colors and divisions, with the 5th/60th (Mechanized) of the 9th Infantry Division at Đồng Tâm Base Camp, in the Mekong River Delta. US 3rd Battalion 16th Infantry Regiment 1st Division on Omaha Beach near Colleville sur Mer D-Day. The regiment was organized into three battalions of eight companies each. In addition to the 7 campaign streamers earned by the regiment and the 2 Croix de Guerre granted by the French government, its soldiers were awarded at least 97 Distinguished Service Crosses. The 16th Division was one of four new infantry divisions raised by the Imperial Japanese Army in the closing stages of the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905). After achieving a relatively bloodless hold on the beachhead in the darkness, the regiment pushed into the hills beyond. The battalion remained engaged in that mission until September 1969 when it was transferred permanently to Lai Khe where it joined the 1st Battalion under the 3rd Brigade, an assignment which remained constant for the remainder of the war. By the time the battalion departed in 2008, its areas of the Tisa Nissan Qada had become one of the most secure areas in Baghdad. DIVISION CHRONICLE. During most of the rest of 1967, the battalion continued to conduct pacification efforts with Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) 5th Division partner units and conduct patrols, ambushes, and search and destroy missions near Ben Cat. After a more calm, though still dangerous tour this time around, the battalion returned to Fort Riley in late April and early May 2010, with the exception of A Company, which remained until that August. Along with the rest of the Big Red One, it relentlessly attacked until a key German rail line was severed forcing a major withdrawal of the enemy's forces. On 18 April 1869 Headquarters, Staff, Band and the remaining companies of the 16th Infantry Regiment were consolidated with the 2d Regiment of Infantry and the consolidated unit designated as the 2nd Infantry Regiment. It doing so, the 1st Infantry Division(whom the regiment was assigned to during World War II) established a permanent presence for the US Army in North Africa. Colonel George A. Taylor, the regimental commander, noting the small breakthrough stood to his feet and yelled at his troops, "The only men who remain on this beach are the dead and those who are about to die! In heavy fighting in the Rose Wood and Plum Run Valley between the Devil's Den and the Wheatfield, the regiment lost about 50 percent of its strength as it fought to contain James Longstreet's breakthrough of the Union Third Army Corps at the Peach Orchard. The regiment was organized into three battalions of eight companies each. (, V.16 Heavy Trench Mortar Battery R.F.A. Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at Eupen-MalmedyRepublic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965–1968 The sites of these missions included many areas that were to become well known to many U.S. infantrymen during the Vietnam years: the impenetrable jungles of Tay Ninh near Cambodia; Ho Bo Woods; the "Iron Triangle"; the Michelin Rubber Plantation; the Trapezoid, and War Zones C and D. In all these places, the 2nd Rangers inflicted heavy losses on enemy manpower and supplies. The overall mission of these operations was to move into a semi-populated area and conduct extended operations to find and destroy enemy troops and support areas. In this conflict the regiment earned 4 campaign streamers and each of the 2nd and 5th Battalions earned a Valorous Unit Award Streamer embroidered IRAQ-KUWAIT. The battalion returned to Fort Riley in September 2004. On 2 August 1990, Iraq invaded the sovereign country of Kuwait. In the many ensuing operations, the elusive enemy had to be found before he could be destroyed and to find him the troops had to remain almost constantly in the field on search missions. At 0800 that day, a net call went out to the entire regiment to cease all forward movement. 1st Battalion deployed to Bosnia in August 1999 through March 2000 along with supporting elements Fort Riley for peacekeeping operations. The 15th Division's 30th Infantry Brigade then went to the 16th Division in exchange for the 80th Infantry Brigade. The last months in Vietnam saw the battalion working closely with its ARVN counterparts as it concurrently prepared to end its mission and redeploy to Fort Riley. The 16th Division received a new infantry brigade, the 80th, in 1897. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered NORMANDY For the next two years, in addition to the normal garrison duties, the troops conducted foot patrols along the dusty Mexican border. Arguably the regiment's most gallant action was the grueling drive that liberated the little village of Fléville in the Argonne forest region on 4 October 1918. Hickie agreed that he had "a political Divn of riff raff Redmondites". Known as the "Thunder Run," the route was so-named due to the many mortars, rockets, and mines the enemy used to interdict US and ARVN traffic along the road. On 21 September 1866 under the act of 28 July 1866 the Second Battalion became the Twentieth Infantry and the Third Battalion the Twenty-ninth Infantry. On the night of 26 February 1991, the 1st Brigade next collided with the Republican Guard's Tawalakana Division and the 37th Brigade, 12th Armored Division. Organized on June 8, 1917, for duty on the Western Front in World War I, this first permanent division in the regular Army has seen action in all American wars since 1917, except the Korean, and has performed magnificently in all of its service. an infantry division of the British Army, raised for service during World War I. A website with information relating to the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who had battalions which were a part of the 16th (Irish) Division. The 16th Infantry Division of the German Army was formed in 1934. Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered HURTGEN FOREST The following officers commanded the division at various times: "RITCHIE, Major-Gen. Sir Archibald Buchanan", in, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry)-, "William Hickie and the 16th (Irish) Division", The Long, Long Trail: The 16th (Irish) Division in 1914-1918. It departed for England in April 1942, where it joined a large contingent of US troops slated for participation in Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa. In January 1967, the 1st Battalion next joined in Operation Cedar Falls, a major effort conducted by the 1st and 25th Infantry Divisions, the 173rd Airborne Brigade and the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment in Military Region 4, known as the "Iron Triangle" and the Thanh Dien Forest. After Tet, the battalion successively partook in Operations Quyet Thang and Toan Thang. Abilene was a division-level effort to find and destroy several enemy formations operating due east of Saigon. Cedar Falls was followed by the enormous and extended Operation Junction City. The Bushmaster operations were followed by Mastiff in February 1966 and the division-level Operation Abilene to find and destroy the Viet Cong 5th Division. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. This feat was significant in that the 16th Infantry was the only regiment in the entire First Army to seize its main objective on the first day of the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. This time the battalion operated in the vicinity of Bayji in north central Iraq. It took part in Operation Barbarossa with Army Group South later in the year. On 28 April, the regiment arrived near Selb, Germany, and began advancing east into Czechoslovakia. During the Gulf War, a series of three leaflets were dropped by American forces on Iraqi positions. In March 1916, Villa raided Columbus, New Mexico, which, in turn, caused President Woodrow Wilson to order Pershing to take an expedition into Mexico to find Villa. The regiment that actually fought during the Civil War was organized by order of the president 4 May 1861 and confirmed by the act of 29 July 1861 as the 16th Infantry Regiment. The squads and teams worked with Special Forces Teams and other special operations forces to help the villagers raise detachments of Afghan Local Police (ALP) who would then provide security to the villages. In August 2003, the Iron Rangers, equipped as a standard Bradley Fighting Vehicle-equipped battalion, deployed with the 1st Brigade to Ramadi, Anbar Province, in western Iraq. The verve and vigor of that drive demonstrated the regiment lived up to the division's new motto, "No mission too difficult, no sacrifice too great—Duty First!" The 106th Infantry Division arrived in England, 17 November 1944, and trained briefly, then moved to France, 6 December. During the spring and summer of 1864, the regiment participated in General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign and fought at the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Jericho Mills, Cold Harbor, and finally in the Siege of Petersburg. The following campaign participation honors were actually earned by the 16th Infantry in the Civil War but went to the 2d Infantry with the consolidation; Atlanta, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Georgia 1864, Kentucky 1862, Mississippi 1862, Murfreesboro, Shiloh and Tennessee 1863. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I, Streamer embroidered AISNE-MARNE Soon after the regiment's arrival, the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry was selected to show the flag and parade through Paris on 4 July 1917. After its breaching operations, the Big Red One's 1st Brigade, consisting in part of the 5th Battalion, 16th Infantry (known as Devil Rangers) and the 2nd Battalion 34th Armor, turned east and drove deep into enemy territory toward Phase Line Utah. Over the next three days, the regiment battled relatively light resistance from Vichy French forces and helped to capture Oran. On 1 June 1944, the men of the 16th Infantry departed their D-Camps in southwestern England and embarked on amphibious assault ships at the port of Weymouth. Meanwhile, in an effort to keep up with the retreating Germans, the men of the 16th Infantry piled on trucks, tanks, and anything else they could find to move eastward as quickly as possible. Even so, the battalion joined in a number of combat operations such as Bear Trap, Friendship, Kentucky Cougar, Iron Danger and Toan Thang IV. Once again the regiment had fought with valor and courage to help win a war against the nation's enemies. 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